3 Common Glass Types: Properties And Applications

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Glass is a vast and multipurpose material. They are made of amorphous material that lacks a long-range of periodic crystalline structure. Its every day uses cut across the different industrial fields.  

For instance, high-quality glass bottles are used in packaging beverages, to store food and chemical of all kinds.

Also, glass bottles are used in the medical field to package drugs like injection, and for other purposes.

Besides, its application depends on the environment the glass bottle will be exposed to as well as the performance specifications required.

Thus, for your high-performance glass bottles, there is a need to carefully select a professional glass bottles suppliers in China.


Below are the 3 most common commercial glass types and their applications



glass bottles

3 Most Common Commercial Glass Types and Their Applications

1. Soda-lime Silica Glasses

Most of the glass bottles and glass jars around our homes are likely made with soda-lime-silica glass.


This family of glasses comprises many of the glass compositions used to create food and beverage containers, decorative bottles, among others.

Soda-lime silica glass contains nearly 90% of the glass manufactured in the world. Its prevalence is due to its low production cost.

The raw materials are common and it required low temperature at production than other glass compositions.

Also, the production processes have been refined, optimized, and automated of recent. This to improve output for mass production.

However, its durability is typically low. There tend to prone to thermal shock failure and can degrade in chemical corrosion environments.


2. Borosilicate Glasses

Borosilicate glasses are one of the glass bottle sales around the world to withstand harsh demanding applications. It is commonly used for its superior durability.

Its thermal shock resistance can withstand extreme thermal cycling with minimal effect.

For example, a glass bottle commonly used for baking at home or perform experiments in the laboratory.

It can actually pass through one coking process to another without damage. The durability of this glass bottle is due to its low coefficient of thermal expansion.

Thus, allowing the glass to develop fewer internal stresses during heating and cooling processes. It does not degrade in abrasive environments, like other materials.

Borosilicate glasses are commonly deployed in industrial or transportation environments for harsh chemicals like jet fuel, hydraulic, acids, photoinitiators, saline solutions, and petroleum products.

Although, some glasses are damage at persistence exposure to water borosilicate glasses do not.


3. Phosphate Glasses

Phosphate glasses are mainly composed by combining the two types of glasses mentioned as the primary glass network formers.

These glasses feature high resistance to hydrofluoric acid. In other words, it has low resistance to chemical corrosion.

The composition is made in such a way that it has more resistance to the chemicals and the environment.

This is achieved by engineering the composition for specific applications.

Phosphate glasses are well suited for doping with various colorants, including transition metal ions and rare earth oxides.

This ability is a result of glasses that exhibit a unique and desirable transmission spectrum.

These colored glasses or amber glasses have found their niche in various medical, military, and scientific applications.

Bioactive glass, which is the material of choice to promote bone growth in the medical industry, is also a phosphate-based glass composition.



In a hurry, it actually seems difficult to select the best glass types for a specific application.


It is more important to know the type of content you want to put in the glass bottle. This information will guide you on what glass would perform the best and be the most economic.


On the whole, all these provide you with handy information on how to choose the best glass bottle without hassles.


Lastly, always make sure that you team up with a reliable glass bottles suppliers in China for the best deal.